Método acelerado de optimización de puentes en cajón

 

Acaban de publicarnos en Engineering Structures, revista de ELSEVIER indexada en el primer cuartil del JCR, un artículo en el que hemos propuesto un novedoso método de optimización que acelera los cálculo al emplear Kriging como metamodelo en los cálculos intermedios de las iteraciones de un proceso de optimización heurística. Se ha aplicado en la optimización de la energía requerida para la construcción de un puente en cajón de hormigón pretensado, pero la metodología es aplicable al cálculo de cualquier estructura. Este artículo forma parte del proyecto de investigación DIMALIFE. Como se ha publicado en abierto, os puedo pasar el artículo completo, que os podéis descargar también en la propia revista.

ABSTRACT:

Structural optimization is normally carried out by means of conventional heuristic optimization due to the complexity of the structural problems. However, the conventional heuristic optimization still consumes a large amount of time. The use of metamodels helps to reduce the computational cost of the optimization and, along these lines, kriging-based heuristic optimization is presented as an alternative to carry out an accelerated optimization of complex problems. In this work, conventional heuristic optimization and kriging-based heuristic optimization will be applied to reach the optimal solution of a continuous box-girder pedestrian bridge of three spans with a low embodied energy. For this purpose, different penalizations and different initial sample sizes will be studied and compared. This work shows that kriging-based heuristic optimization provides results close to those of conventional heuristic optimization using less time. For the sample size of 50, the best solution differs about 2.54% compared to the conventional heuristic optimization, and reduces the computational cost by 99.06%. Therefore, the use of a kriging model in structural design problems offers a new means of solving certain structural problems that require a very high computational cost and reduces the difficulty of other problems.

KEYWORDS: Low-embodied energy; Post-tensioned concrete; Box-girder bridge; Structural optimization; Metamodel; Kriging

REFERENCE:
PENADÉS-PLÀ, V.; GARCÍA-SEGURA, T.; YEPES, V. (2019). Accelerated optimization method for low-embodied energy concrete box-girder bridge design. Engineering Structures, 179:556-565. DOI:10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.11.015

 

Estudio paramétrico de pasarelas de hormigón de sección en cajón

Os dejo a continuación, en abierto, un estudio paramétrico que hemos realizado sobre pasarelas de hormigón postesado de sección en cajón. Espero que os sea de interés.

Referencia:

YEPES, V.; PÉREZ-LÓPEZ, E.; ALCALÁ, J.; GARCÍA-SEGURA, T. (2018). Parametric study of concrete box-girder footbridges. Journal of Construction Engineering, Management & Innovation, 1(2):67-74. doi:10.31462/jcemi.2018.01067074

ABSTRACT:

This paper presents a study of the parametric variability of post-tensioned concrete box-girder pedestrian bridges. SAMO2 algorithm is used for the parametric study. This algorithm combines SA with a mutation operator, to find the economic solutions. A span-length parametric study analyzes the characteristics for the best design of a three-span deck in which the main span ranges from 30 to 60 m. The depth and the number of strands were adjusted according to span length, while the thickness of the slabs presented the same optimum values in all cases. Results show that the amount of steel and volume of concrete per square meter of deck shows a good correlation with the main span length. This study demonstrates that by increasing the main span length by one meter, the total cost per square meter of the deck increases by 6.38 euros on average. Thus, this paper shows the relationship between the span length and geometrical and steel variables to produce and build a cost-efficient pedestrian bridge.

KEYWORDS:

Structural optimization; Post-tensioned concrete; Box-girder bridge; Pedestrian bridge

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Multiobjective optimization of post-tensioned concrete box-girder road bridges considering cost, CO2 emissions, and safety

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http://authors.elsevier.com/a/1TROAW4G4Bhqk

Abstract: This paper presents a multiobjective optimization of post-tensioned concrete road bridges in terms of cost, CO2 emissions, and overall safety factor. A computer tool links the optimization modulus with a set of modules for the finite-element analysis and limit states verification. This is applied for the case study of a three-span continuous post-tensioned box-girder road bridge, located in a coastal region. A multiobjective harmony search is used to automatically search a set of optimum structural solutions regarding the geometry, concrete strength, reinforcing and post-tensioned steel. Diversification strategies are combined with intensification strategies to improve solution quality. Results indicate that cost and CO2 emissions are close to each other for any safety range. A one-euro reduction, involves a 2.34 kg CO2 emissions reduction. Output identifies the best variables to improve safety and the critical limit states. This tool also provides bridge managers with a set of trade-off optimum solutions, which balance their preferences most closely, and meet the requirements previously defined.

Keywords

  • Multiobjective optimization;
  • CO2 emissions;
  • Safety;
  • Post-tensioned concrete;
  • Box-girder bridge;
  • Multiobjective harmony search

Highlights

  • A multiobjective optimization of post-tensioned concrete road bridges is presented.
  • A computer tool combines finite-element analysis and limit states verification.
  • Output provides a trade-off between cost, CO2 emissions, and overall safety factor.
  • Near the optima, a one-euro reduction represents a 2.34 kg CO2 emissions reduction.
  • Results show the cheapest and most eco-friendly variables for improving safety.

Reference:

GARCÍA-SEGURA, T.; YEPES, V. (2016). Multiobjective optimization of post-tensioned concrete box-girder road bridges considering cost, CO2 emissions, and safety. Engineering Structures, 125:325-336. DOI: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2016.07.012.