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Resultados de la búsqueda By Etiquetas: optimization


Special Issue on Advanced Optimization Techniques and Their Applications in Civil Engineering

Civil Engineers are involved with the creation, monitoring, and management of infrastructural resources, as well as the e›cient, economic utilization and management of renewable natural resources. Nowadays a rapid growth of computer performance enables and encourages new developments in civil engineering as well as related areas. For instance, the construction industry investigates new designs with minimum cost, minimum CO2 emissions, or embodied energy, among other objectives. Conventional optimization techniques are usually inadequate to nd best designs by taking into account all design variables, objectives, and constraints in the complex civil engineering problems. Applications of optimization techniques are most exciting, challenging, and of truly large scale when it comes to the problems of civil engineering in terms of both quality and quantity. In order to overcome the di›culties, researchers are interested in advanced optimization techniques. In the recent literature, researchers have applied the advanced optimization techniques to dišerent purposes.

The aim of this special issue is to collect the studies using optimization algorithms in civil engineering problems such as structural engineering, construction management, and environmental engineering. Potential topics include but are not limited to the following: Intelligent optimization Swarm and evolutionary optimization techniques Single and multiobjective optimization Predictive modeling and optimization Computational complexity and optimization Continuous or discrete optimization Structural optimization Size, shape, and topology optimization New design optimization applications in civil engineering New and novel approaches and techniques for solving optimization problems in civil engineering New research in any areas closely related to optimization and civil engineering designs Authors can submit their manuscripts through the Manuscript Tracking System at http://mts.hindawi.com/submit/journals/ace/otace/

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Diseño automático de puentes pretensados con algoritmos heurísticos

Acaban de publicarnos un artículo donde se utilizan cuatro algoritmos heurísticos: Descent Local Search, Threshold Accepting Algorithm with Mutation Operation, Genetic Algorithm y Memetic Algorithm para el diseño automático de puentes pretensados.

Se puede descargar gratuitamente este artículo hasta el 10 de junio de 2017 en el siguiente enlace: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1UwC15s1QSxbmc

Referencia: 

YEPES, V.; MARTÍ, J.V.; GARCÍA-SEGURA, T.; GONZÁLEZ-VIDOSA, F. (2017). Heuristics in optimal detailed design of precast road bridges. Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, 17(4):738-749. DOI: 10.1016/j.acme.2017.02.006

Abstract:

This paper deals with the cost optimization of road bridges consisting of concrete slabs prepared in situ and two precast-prestressed U-shaped beams of self-compacting concrete. It shows the efficiency of four heuristic algorithms applied to a problem of 59 discrete variables. The four algorithms are the Descent Local Search (DLS), a threshold accepting algorithm with mutation operation (TAMO), the Genetic Algorithm (GA), and the Memetic Algorithm (MA). The heuristic optimization algorithms are applied to a bridge with a span length of 35 m and a width of 12 m. A performance analysis is run for the different heuristics, based on a study of Pareto optimal solutions between execution time and efficiency. The best results were obtained with TAMO for a minimum cost of 104184 euros. Among the key findings of the study, the practical use of these heuristics in real cases stands out. Furthermore, the knowledge gained from the investigation of the algorithms allows a range of values for the design optimization of such structures and pre-dimensioning of the variables to be recommended.

Keywords:

Optimization; Metaheuristics; Bridges; Overpasses; Structural design

 

Sostenibilidad del mantenimiento de carreteras bajo presupuestos restrictivos

Foto: laseda.accionistas.es

¿Es posible un mantenimiento sostenible de las carreteras cuando apenas existen presupuestos para ello? A continuación os dejo el enlace a un artículo científico que nos acaban de publicar donde se muestra la posibilidad de utilizar técnicas de optimización heurística para conseguirlo.

La editorial Elsevier permite que te descargues gratuitamente este artículo hasta el día 29 de marzo de 2017. Para ello tienes que acceder al siguiente enlace:

https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1UWKw3QCo9NAoM

 

 

 

Referencia: 

TORRES-MACHI, C.; PELLICER, E.; YEPES, V.; CHAMORRO, A. (2017). Towards a sustainable optimization of pavement maintenance programs under budgetary restrictions. Journal of Cleaner Production, 148:90-102. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959652617301142

Abstract:

Transport sector constitutes the second largest source of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, being the road transportation the main contributor of these emissions. Efforts in the road sector have traditionally focused on vehicle emissions and infrastructure is typically not included in the emissions account. Road environmental impact is estimated to increase by 10% if the stages of road design, construction, and operation were considered. Previous literature has widely study sustainable practices in pavement design and construction, with little attention paid to maintenance. Current state of practice reveals that pavement managers barely consider environmental performance and their evaluations solely rely on technical and economic criteria. This situation creates the need to incorporate, in an integrated manner, technical, economic, and environmental aspects in the design of maintenance programs. The main objective of this research is to develop a tool for the optimal design of sustainable maintenance programs. Given a maintenance budget, the tool aims to maximize the long-term effectiveness of the network while minimizing GHG emissions derived from the application of maintenance treatments. The capability of the proposed tool is analyzed in a case study dealing with an urban pavement network. In comparison to the traditional maintenance policy, the proposed tool designs maintenance programs that increase the average network condition by up to 22% and reduces GHG emissions by 12%. This application also analyzes the effect of different budgetary scenarios in the technical and environmental performance of the network. This application helps pavement managers in the trade-off between budget and network performance.

Keywords:

  • Greenhouse gas emissions;
  • Long-term effectiveness;
  • Optimization;
  • Sustainability;
  • Pavement management;
  • Sensitivity analysis

A postgraduate course on precast-prestressed concrete road bridges optimization

En los últimos años, tanto los estudios en ingeniería de grado como los de posgrado, están enfrentándose a grandes desafíos en España y en la mayor parte de Europa. La formación en, ingeniería, ciencias y tecnologías constituye una prioridad para el desarrollo económico y un factor fundamental en el contexto europeo. Los cursos convencionales de posgrado suelen complementar los conocimientos y competencias no adquiridas en el grado previo. Sin embargo, muchas de las antiguas ingenierías superiores en España se están reconvirtiendo en estudios de grado al que habría que unir otros de posgrado para alcanzar la titulación de máster, nivel ampliamente reconocido en la mayoría de países europeos. En este caso se encuentra el Máster Universitario en Ingeniería del Hormigón de la Universitat Politècnica de Valéncia que se inició en octubre de 2007 a partir del programa de doctorado del Departamento de Ingeniería de la Construcción y Proyectos de Ingeniería Civil, y que en este momento es uno de los pocos títulos de ingeniería reconocidos por el sello EUR-ACE ©. El objetivo del artículo es presentar los aspectos más importantes de una asignatura de dicho máster centrada en la optimización heurística de estructuras de hormigón. Su contenido docente es consecuencia del resultado del trabajo de investigación de los autores, constituyendo un claro ejemplo donde la docencia y la investigación se encuentran íntimamente relacionadas.

MARTÍ, J.V.; YEPES, V. (2015). A postgraduate course on precast-prestressed concrete road bridges optimization. 3rd International Conference on Mechanical Models in Structural Engineering CMMoST 2015, 24-26 de june, Seville (Spain), pp. 27-40. ISBN: 978-84-606-9356-7

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21 octubre, 2015
 
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CO2-Optimization Design of Reinforced Concrete Retaining Walls based on a VNS-Threshold Acceptance Strategy

Esta es la versión post-print de autor. La publicación se encuentra en: https://riunet.upv.es/handle/10251/28631, siendo el Copyright de la American Society of Civil Engineers.

El artículo debe ser citado de la siguiente forma:

Yepes, V.; Gonzalez-Vidosa, F.; Alcalá, J.; Villalba, P. (2012). CO2-Optimization Design of Reinforced Concrete Retaining Walls Based on a VNSThreshold Acceptance Strategy. JOURNAL OF COMPUTING IN CIVIL ENGINEERING. 26(3):378-386. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)CP.1943-5487.0000140.

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25 mayo, 2015
 
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Universidad Politécnica de Valencia