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Resultados de la búsqueda By Etiquetas: environmental-impact


Análisis del ciclo de vida: comparación entre dos puentes postesados óptimos de sección en cajón

Acaban de publicarnos un artículo en la revista del JCR (Q2) Sustainability que compara dos puentes postesados óptimos de sección en cajón atendiendo a su ciclo de vida. Creemos que la metodología empleada puede ser de interés para casos de estructuras de hormigón similares a las presentadas. El artículo forma parte del proyecto de investigación BRIDLIFE “Puentes pretensados de alta eficiencia social y medioambiental bajo presupuestos restrictivos“.

Os paso a continuación el resumen y el artículo propiamente dicho, pues está publicado en abierto.

 

 

Abstract:

The goal of sustainability involves a consensus among economic, environmental and social factors. Due to climate change, environmental concerns have increased in society. The construction sector is among the most active high environmental impact sectors. This paper proposes new features to consider a more detailed life-cycle assessment (LCA) of reinforced or pre-stressed concrete structures. Besides, this study carries out a comparison between two optimal post-tensioned concrete box-girder road bridges with different maintenance scenarios. ReCiPe method is used to carry out the life-cycle assessment. The midpoint approach shows a complete environmental profile with 18 impact categories. In practice, all the impact categories make their highest contribution in the manufacturing and use and maintenance stages. Afterwards, these two stages are analyzed to identify the process which makes the greatest contribution. In addition, the contribution of CO2fixation is taken into account, reducing the environmental impact in the use and maintenance and end of life stages. The endpoint approach shows more interpretable results, enabling an easier comparison between different stages and solutions. The results show the importance of considering the whole life-cycle, since a better design reduces the global environmental impact despite a higher environmental impact in the manufacturing stage.

Keywords:

sustainabilityenvironmental impactlife-cycle assessmentconstruction LCAbridge LCAReCiPe;sustainable construction

Reference:

PENADÉS-PLÀ, V.; MARTÍ, J.V.; GARCÍA-SEGURA, T.;  YEPES, V. (2017). Life-cycle assessment: A comparison between two optimal post-tensioned concrete box-girder road bridges. Sustainability, 9(10):1864. doi:10.3390/su9101864 (link)

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18 octubre, 2017
 
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Success factors for integration of sustainable practices at high performance building processes through AHP-based MCDM

Hanging gardens of One Central Park, Sydney. Wikipedia

Hanging gardens of One Central Park, Sydney. Wikipedia

Abstract: Much of the efforts towards low carbon built environment focus on the building energy performance and the relationship between occupant behavior and efficient supply facilities, arguing that impacts are higher during operational stage. However little progression has been The ongoing study aims to provide a simplifed method to decide upon constructive systems for structural slabs based on hierarchical multicriteria weights applied to a set of criteria through a value function: durability, resource depletion, climate impact, investment cost, user comfort and functional design. The main function of slabs as load distribution layers of the structural frame used to be the solely priority of design practice. Other functions of the building as a dynamic system interact within the environment and occupants along time. Currently dealing with sustainable materials and life cycle inventories we aim to provide with a reproducible method for early election of the type of slab by embedding environmental (resource efficiency) and social (durability and performance) criteria among the design criteria. First, we seek for a way to hierarchically distribute the criteria and sub-criteria among the goals against resource depletion and the diverse alternatives. AHP-based MCDM is chosen to build a multi-level hierarchical structure of objectives, criteria, subcriteria, and alternatives. The analysis outlines the expert preferences for factors of buildability and cost premium of implementation of high environmental value of project design. Further analysis will focus on interrelation among factors.

Keywords: 

AHP-based MCDM, value function, environmental impact, construction cost, resource depletion, functionality,   construction systems elicitation.

Reference:

MOLINA-MORENO, F.; YEPES, V. (2015). Success factors for integration of sustainable practices at high performance building processes through AHP-based MCDM. 23rd International Conference on Multiple Criteria Decision Making. 2nd-7th August 2015, Hamburg, Germany, 7 pp.

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Universidad Politécnica de Valencia