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Resultados de la búsqueda By Etiquetas: analytic-hierarchy-process


Sustainable assessment of retaining walls through an active learning method considering multiple stakeholders

ABSTRACT: The sustainability approach has changed the modern society. Currently, the sustainability takes into consideration, not only the economic and environmental facets, but also the social facet. Taking into account the three facets of sustainability, this paper shows the application of a method of active learning to assess the sustainability of three real retaining walls. A group of 29 students of the Master of Science in Planning and Management in Civil Engineering at the Universitat Politècnica de València has experienced this assessment. The method followed was proposed by academics of the School of Civil Engineering of the Universitat Politècnica de València (Spain) and Universidad de La Frontera (Chile). An approach multi-criteria and a clusters analysis are part of method, which allows developing a participative process with different points of view about the sustainability. The outcomes show that of this way students can forecast impacts from of the integration of design, planning and the location context of the infrastructure. Result evidence that personal values of each student influences the election of the optimal alternative. The paper also identifies the need to strengthen the conceptualization of social criteria in the students training.

KEYWORDS: Infrastructure, Education, Cluster analysis, Analytic hierarchy process, Civil engineering, Sustainability

REFERENCE:

SIERRA-VARELA, L.; YEPES, V.; PELLICER, E. (2017). Sustainable assessment of retaining walls through an active learning method considering multiple stakeholders. Proceedings of the Ninth International Structural Engineering and Construction Conference, Valencia, Spain, July 24-July 29.  doi: 10.14455/ISEC.res.2017.51

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21 julio, 2017
 
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Appraisal of infrastructure sustainability by graduate students using an active-learning method

file.FeedFileLoaderAppraisal of infrastructure sustainability by graduate students using an active-learning method

Abstract:

Currently many university programs in the construction field do not take sustainability into account from a holistic viewpoint. This may cause a lack of sensitivity from future professionals concerning sustainability. Academics in construction must endeavor to instill a culture of sustainability in the curricula of their students. Therefore, this study proposes an active-learning method that allows graduate students in the construction field to take into consideration infrastructure sustainability from a variety of perspectives in a participatory process. The students applied an analytical hierarchical process to determine the appraisal degree of each criterion. A cluster statistical analysis was carried out, aiming to identify the profiles that influence decision-making. This method was applied to two classes of graduate students enrolled in the Master of Planning and Management in Civil Engineering at the Universitat Politècnica de València. This method identified a correlation between the profiles toward sustainability and the characteristics of the chosen infrastructure. It was also found that the method fulfills educational purposes: most of the students obtained more than 65% of the target learning outcomes. This approach promotes awareness and sensitivity to different points of view of the sustainability in a participatory context. It can be replicated in other contexts so as to obtain appraisals regarding various criteria that help enhance decision-making.

Highlights

  • Proposal of a method that allows students to consider infrastructure sustainability.
  • Participatory learning method that promotes integral sustainability.
  • Students profiles’ identification influencing decision making toward sustainability.
  • The profiles of evaluators influence the prioritization among alternatives.

Reference:

PELLICER, E.; SIERRA, L.A.; YEPES, V. (2016). Appraisal of infrastructure sustainability by graduate students using an active-learning method. Journal of Cleaner Production, 113:884-896. DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.11.010

19 julio, 2016
 
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Una aproximación cognitiva a la optimización multiobjetivo de estructuras de hormigón

BBA027Acaban de publicarnos un artículo muy novedoso sobre la aproximación cognitiva a los problemas de optimización multiobjetivo de las estructuras de hormigón. La revista es Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, que es una revista de alto impacto en el campo de la ingeniería civil, indexada en el JCR en el primer cuartil. El resultado de combinar técnicas de decisión multicriterio junto con la optimización multiobjetivo supone una auténtica revolución en la forma de abordar el diseño de las estructuras. Ya no basta con aplicar la experiencia, la imaginación y las normas para proyectar una estructura. Se hace necesario abordar el problema desde el origen, considerando múltiples perspectivas y buscando soluciones que optimicen a la vez aspectos como los costes, la seguridad, la sostenibilidad, los riesgos laborales, la durabilidad, la estética y tantos otros.

El artículo plantea la metodología básica necesaria para establecer la resolución de este tipo de problemas. Sin embargo se deben potenciar los estudios que permitan valorar los aspectos más subjetivos que intervienen en la decisión de la mejor opción de las posibles. Esta línea de investigación se encuadra dentro del proyecto de investigación BRIDLIFE, del cual soy investigador principal. Además, supone un ejemplo de colaboración con otras universidades, en este caso con la Universidad de Zaragoza.

Referencia:

YEPES, V.; GARCÍA-SEGURA, T.; MORENO-JIMÉNEZ, J.M. (2015). A cognitive approach for the multi-objective optimization of RC structural problems. Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, 15(4):1024-1036. doi:10.1016/j.acme.2015.05.001

Abstract:

This paper proposes a cognitive approach for analyzing and reducing the Pareto optimal set for multi-objective optimization (MOO) of structural problems by means of jointly incorporating subjective and objective aspects. The approach provides improved knowledge on the decision-making process and makes it possible for the actors involved in the resolution process and its integrated systems to learn from the experience. The methodology consists of four steps: (i) the construction of the Pareto set using MOO models; (ii) the filtering of the Pareto set by compromise programming methods; (iii) the selection of the preferred solutions, utilizing the relative importance of criteria and the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP); (iv) the extraction of the relevant knowledge derived from the resolution process. A case study on the reinforced concrete (RC) I-beam has been included to illustrate the methodology. The compromise solutions are obtained through the objectives of economic feasibility, structural safety, and environmental sustainability criteria. The approach further identifies the patterns of behavior and critical points of the resolution process which reflect the relevant knowledge derived from the cognitive perspective. Results indicated that the solutions selected increased the number of years of service life. The procedure produced durable and ecological structures without price trade-offs.

12 septiembre, 2015
 
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Universidad Politécnica de Valencia